CONCEPT

Concept

of the IX International IT Forum with the participation of BRICS and the SCO countries

Under the aegis of

Commission of the Russian Federation for UNESCO

The Organizer:

Government of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug - Ugra

Co-organizers:
Tomsk Region Administration;

Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug - Ugra

With the support of

Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications of the Russian Federation;

Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation;

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation;

Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation;

Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation;

Chambers of Commerce and Industry of the Russian Federation.

General Provisions

Transition to a digital economy is to some extent observed in all BRICS and SCO countries in various sectors, such as education, energy, transport, health and trade.

Communique of the second meeting of BRICS communication ministers, held on November 11, 2016, states the following priorities for the development of information and communication technologies (ICT):

·           High-speed broadband access in various spheres of life;

·           Efficient management of the radio-frequency spectrum for supplying the digital economy and stimulating the growth of broadband for socio-economic development;

·           New technologies of mobile communication;

·           New technologies and applications using "Internet of things" (IoT) and inter-machine interaction (M2M);

·           Promotion of e-government system;

·           Research, design, development, production and promotion of high-tech products;

·           The need to increase the cost for research and development (R&D) in the field of ICT;

·           Public-private partnership in training qualified specialists, including youth and women, to develop advanced equipment and software;

·           Content development in local languages ​​and the expansion of digital skills opportunities;

·           Stimulation and development of competition, reduction of artificial barriers to enter the market and strengthening the regulatory and legal connection of national legislations for building capacities and capabilities in order to accelerate the diversification of the global ICT market.

Russia is one of the leading countries in the use of ICT among the countries - members of the mentioned international organizations. According to the UN e-government index (evaluation criteria are development of ICT infrastructure, human capital and online services) in 2016, the positions of the BRICS and SCO members were as follows:

Country

Position in the rating

Kazakhstan

33.

Russia

35.

Brazil

51.

China

63.

South Africa

76.

Uzbekistan

80.

Kyrgyzstan

97.

India

107.

Tadjikistan

139.

At the same time, not only the countries listed above, but also the leaders of the UN rating and others should be a guide for the development of ICT in the Russian industries. In these countries information technologies development programs are gradually transforming into programs for building a digital or ubiquitous government (DigitalGovernment in the US, u-Gov - ubiquitousgovernment in Korea), or more broadly — the digital economy, the intellectual nation (Digitalcitizen in Australia and the Netherlands, IntelligentNation in Singapore and so on).

According to Gartner definition, digital government is a government created and operating to take advantage of digital data in the optimization, transformation and creation of public services. In other words, there is a change in the civilizational formation (the transition from the information to the "rational" society) supported by the new subprograms of E-gov as part of larger digital strategies.

This transformation is conditioned by global technological trends — first of all, digitalization against the background of a rapidly growing level of penetration of mobile devices and the development of the Internet of things (IoT) - i.e. ubiquitous access to the network. Requirements of citizens as users of mobile and online services in relation to public services are increasing everywhere. Authorities are trying to make their services easier and more accessible, actively developing digital channels for their provision. In addition to the expectations of citizens, there is also continuing need to minimize costs.

Prospects for the development of new digital programs in developed countries today are associated with the following initiatives and new values ​​for the user:

−          Full migration to digital services delivery channels (including mobile devices, smart TVs, etc.) – Digitalbydefault principle;

−          Ensuring digital equalty;

−          Improving the quality of digital services and their simplification (including simplification of the web sites of authorities and unified portals of public services);

−          Offers customization;

−          Development of digital services in the field of healthcare and education;

−          Building of government as a platform (to provide third parties interaction).

For the state, these values ​​imply new approaches to the implementation of digital programs. Most of them are designed taking into account the increasing role of BigData and the possibilities of its analysis (for example, GovernmentBusinessAnalyticsprogramme in Singapore). At the same time, states are struggling to reducing costs. In view of this, the priority is open and reusable code and data, shared systems and resources (the approach of buildonce, usemanytimes in the US, UK or Australia).

The digital government is oriented on data, not documents. They are used to automate decision-making, risk management, and to provide proactive services. Datacentrical approach causes the transformation of the analytical tools previously included in e-government (EG) programs to support timely decision-making and improve their effectiveness. Now it is about strategy of work with Big Data. Use of solutions to work with Big Data (structured and unstructured, coming from different sources) allows you to make decisions more efficiently, adjust them faster and eventually offer individuals customized services. Same solutions form the basis for development of smart cities or smart enterprises. Data becomes a strategic resource of governments, and data analysis is one of the key competencies.

For instance, an information-centric approach is used in the USA, moving from document management to managing specific data and content accessible by tags. These data should be available for sharing, protected, and should also be presented in the most user-friendly format.

Here are some examples of work with data:

−          Law enforcement authorities use the ALPR system (automatic license plate recognition). It warns if there is a wanted vehicle nearby;

−          Police departments use prognostic technologies that help to forecast the emergence of "hot spots" of crime, as well as link specific crimes to specific recidivists;

−          Ministry of Transport uses the license plate recognition system and monitoring large flow of people;

−          The US government collects data on how citizens travel by plane, train or car to plan investments in transport infrastructure;

−          Between the Environmental Protection Agency and the Food and Drug Administration, there is an exchange of data on the content of pesticides and toxic substances.

Proactive customized provision of electronic services is the logical next step in the development of relations between the state and citizens. With the development of information technologies (IT) and the possibilities of Big Data, Internet and mobile devices users are waiting for not only better, but also timely services that meet their needs. The government is able to provide such services, using collected data and IT solutions for its analysis. In Korea, for example, segmentation of citizens into groups has been introduced. Provision of services will be determined by group membership (students, pensioners, women in a maternity leave, etc.). UK and Australia develop customization of services, for example, in health care.

Singapore portal ecitizen.gov provides many proactive services. For example, to send reminders and notifications:

−          To pay road tax

−          To pay for parking

−          To update passport,

−          About crimes in the neighborhood,

−          On the results of examinations of students,

−          About the state of traffic and traffic jams.

To ensure seamless integration of the information environment of EP, the mentioned countries introduce uniform frameworks - methodologies and recommendations for the use of typical program blocks, standard interfaces, common data formats and exchange models, etc. For example, the National Information Exchange Model (NIEM) developed in the United States is used to exchange information with the departments of Mexico, Canada and a number of EU countries.
In South Korea there is a single framework — eGoveFrame, use of typical program blocks and standard interfaces is recommended. The Netherlands' standard of interoperability is DutchInteroperabilityFramework.

In the countries where such methodologies are less developed or there is no single national framework (Brazil), open government platforms are being developed for the same purposes. Many countries take open government platform (OPGL), developed in the US, as a basis. In the Netherlands, there is an OpenConnection initiative.

In addition, decrees on the priority use of open source software (India, Brazil, Korea) are introduced.

For the purpose of seamless integration, one of the primary tasks of agencies in the US is to structure unstructured content so that all interested persons (other agencies, the private sector or citizens themselves) use them through the open API. First, an open data policy and API for new government systems was introduced, and then a requirement was established to align previously developed systems with critical and valuable information. Each agency should identify at least two such systems, where the most significant user data is accumulated - to align this data with federal recommendations to meta-data and publish the API. As a result, agencies should ensure the appearance of their data in the API catalog on the portal Data.gov (in automatic mode).

Both developed and developing countries are engaged in expanding channels for providing services to citizens. Traditional channels for providing e-government services include community service centers or MFCs, call centers / voice portals, public information kiosks / infomats, e-mail, web portals, SMS and other messaging services, social networks, mobile applications.

Among the perspective channels used or starting to be used in a number of countries there are mobile portals, IPTV / smart TVs, portable electronic devices, car computers .

In particular, the possibilities of a TV channel for the delivery of services are already used in the UK and Korea.

In India, public-private partnerships are used to organize access points to public services:

ESeva (ElectronicServiceProject) is a system of rural IT centers that are managed and developed by commercial contractors. They allow citizens to pay for utility services, land tax, marriage registration, etc.

BangaloreOne (B1) is a public-private partnerships between the Karnataka State government and the private consortium of CMS Computers and RamInformatics. It provides an access point (through a network of public kiosks) to the services of G2B and G2C. Since the beginning of the project, officials who had previously been responsible for the provision of public services have been transferred to B1. An operator receives a fixed commission for each transaction.

Mobile channel is the highest priority among all digital strategies at the moment. The level of distribution of mobile devices around the world is growing, which creates an additional opportunity to overcome the digital disparity. For example, in heterogeneously computerized countries (India or Brazil) in rural areas, the mobile phone remains practically the only way to have access to public services.

Specialists of the professional IT community cannot ignore problems of international information security and tasks of ensuring the security of the information infrastructure, which is the basis of the functioning of the economies and public administration of each of the modern countries.

A significant part of the economy entities that provide solutions to challenges in the spheres of electric power, oil and gas production, transportation of hydrocarbons, and industrial and passenger transport are potentially dangerous. Associated threats to the population and territories, life support systems, transport and social infrastructure are significant risk factors in relation to the conditions of economic development, industrial, technological and environmental safety. The fact that these risks in the digital economy become identical for each country, and they are regulated by the legislation of such countries as China, India, Kazakhstan and many others and will become the subject of active discussion at the forum.

Critical risks to the economy and the livelihoods of citizens in the context of widespread penetration of information technologies and the development of the digital economy are also in the financial sphere. In the context of cross-border use of mobile technologies, the scale of computer criminality in the credit and financial sphere is growing, the number of crimes related to violation of constitutional rights and freedoms of a person and a citizen is increasing, including in respect of privacy, personal and family secrets, when processing personal data using IT. Herewith, methods, ways and means of committing such crimes have no borders and can be solved only under conditions of international cooperation and collaboration.

Taking into account the described tendencies, in the course of preparation workof the IX International IT-Forum with the participation of the BRICS and SCO countries it is planned to pay attention to the following conclusions:

−          Intending to respond to modern technological challenges, a number of countries are creating centers for IT expertise. These structures are often independent of specific agencies and are engaged in the development of standards / strategies (on mobility, BigData, universal exchange of information, sharing of IT systems, PPP), and sometimes development of software (insourcing);

−          Technological approaches are regularly reviewed and updated;

−          Agencies with the largest and most demanded databases introduce the positions of the "Data Director" (and the corresponding departments) in order to strengthen competencies, to align information and information systems with prospect requirements;

−          KPIs of e-government are changing in accordance with the requirements of advanced users (introducing metrics for the effectiveness of public web-sites, typical for Internet services, metrics that characterize the costs of providing government services, proactivity of services);

−          The regions hold regular contests of solutions for smart cities in order to develop IT.

Targets and objectives of the Forum.

The targets of the Forum, taking into account the international experience of application of information technologies in society and public administration, are as follows:

·           To assess changing trends in the IT development to manage public activities and various spheres of public life, to improve the quality of life;

·           To form the directions of interaction between Russian constituent entities and regions of BRICS and SCO countries for mutually beneficial cooperation aimed at building a digital economy;

·           To confirm and strengthen the image of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug - Ugra as a region aimed at using digital technologies to improve the quality of life.

The following objectives will be achieved in order to implement the above targets:

·           Organization of sessions and round tables to discuss the most pressing issues related to the creation and implementation of information technologies in various spheres of life;

·           To involve experts from the BRICS and SCO countries, as well as countries outside these organizations (including those with a low level of information technology development) to participate in the discussions, in order to exchange best practices;

·           To conclude agreements between Russian and foreign companies (organizations) on cooperation in the sphere of development of information technologies;

·           To demonstrate technological capabilities of domestic developers of IT products to Russian and foreign specialists;

·           Demonstration of the achievements of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug - Ugra in the application of digital technologies for the development of various spheres of life.

·           Organization and holding of the award UGRAITAWARDS 2017, aimed to identify the most promising and high-quality IT solutions for improving the effectiveness of public administration and interaction of the state and citizens.

Priority tracks of the Forum

1. International cooperation in the sphere of ICT and development of public UT systems.

−          Prospects of the general market of IT solutions and informatization methodologies for the BRICS and SCO countries as an opportunity to reduce dependence on dominant suppliers

−          Development of regional cluster policy:

−          Advanced experience of educational IT programs.

2. From e-government to a digital government

−          New principle of rendering "4L" services (any citizen, any department, any time, any place)

−          New identification methods;

−          Cloud infrastructure prospects;

−          Promotion of electronic public services;

−          Expirience of implementation of digital documents in the public administration;

−          Interaction of e-government with commercial organizations;

−          Public-private partnership for digital government development

3. Import Substitution of Information Technologies

−          Mutual priority in the use of IT solutions of the BRICS and SCO countries (a single register of software, computing and network equipment)

−          State regulation;

−          Best practices;

−          Quality products;

−          Migration experience.

4. Joint use of IT solutions in state organizations

−          How not to pay twice for typical information systems;

−          Prospects for the development of banks of joint solutions or services in the BRICS and SCO countries;

−          Promotion of successful practices;

−          Coordination of regional informatization.

5. Information security

−          International cooperation in the field of information security: Initiatives of the state, society and business "

−          Advanced enterprise: Information security in the fuel and energy sector, industry, transport;

−          Information security of advanced technologies. Trends in 2017.

6. Multilingualism in cyberspace in the name of inclusive sustainable development.

−        Linguistic and cultural diversity and sustainable development challenges;

−        Multilingualism and the policy of its maintenance and development in cyberspace;

−        Multilingualism and quality education;

−        Cyberspace as a medium for preserving linguistic and cultural identity;

−        Russian as a language of interethnic and international communication.

7. Other directions

−          Lean technologies;

−          It age in the archives: Challenges of safety and accessibility of electronic archival documents "

−          Application of distance technologies in healthcare, portable electronics and personal medical devices;

−          Culture. Ecology. Informatization: moving towards sustainable development"

−          IT in a museum: Connection of cultures"

−          IT in tourism;

−          IT in education.