Digital transformation in Russia and the world - the topic at the Plenary Meeting of the IT-Forum
The plenary session “Digital transformation in Russia and abroad. Directions, strategies, barriers” was held at the site of the international IT-Forum.
The plenary session “Digital transformation in Russia and abroad. Directions, strategies, barriers” was held at the site of the international IT-Forum, and it was attended by Natalya Komarova, Governor of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug, Vladislav Onishchenko, Head of the Analytical Center for the Government of the Russian Federation, Tovar da Silva Nunes, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Brazil to the Russian Federation, Evgeny Kuzmin, Deputy Chairman of the Intergovernmental Council and Chairman of the Russian Committee of the UNESCO Information for All Program (IFAP), President of the Interregional Center for Library Cooperation, Binaya Srikanta Pradhan, Deputy Chief of Mission of the Embassy of the Republic of India to the Russian Federation, Fang Binxing, Academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering Sciences, Director and Chief Engineer of the Computer Network Management and Information Security Management Center.
The meeting was moderated by Stanislav Natanzon, host of the Russia-24 channel.
At the beginning of the plenary session, Mohamed Yongavo, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Sierra Leone to the Russian Federation, Vladimir Potapenko, Deputy Secretary-General of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), Vladimir Maslov, Director of the Digital Development Department of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Russian Federation, and Evgeny Gurarin, Assistant of Plenipotentiary of the President of the Russian Federation in the Ural Federal District, made a welcoming speech.
Natalya Komarova, Ugra Governor, in her opening speech told that participants from 60 constituent entities of the Russian Federation and 52 countries are working at the Forum. The speaker also indicated that the Forum is a unique opportunity to address international audiences, government officials, business circles, and public on issues that are relevant to digital changes in the world.
“Innovation activity is one of the most important drivers of economic development of countries. Prospects for the development of innovative cooperation, commercialization of technologies and introduction of innovations in modern conditions, ways to improve the tools of state support are urgent issues for us. At the Saint Petersburg International Economic Forum, President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin announced his decision to approve a national strategy in the field of artificial intelligence. At the panel session “Innovation in the BRICS countries”, the participants came to the conclusion that the BRICS is an ideal platform for combining efforts to introduce innovation and the digital economy”.
Natalya Komarova outlined a number of achievements of Ugra, including the creation of an integrated electronic map that allows monitoring the health of each resident of Ugra online, combining the results of all medical examinations. Governor noted the growing level of provision of state and municipal services in electronic form. In 2018, the Vika neural network was developed in Ugra, which allows providing information about the most popular services of the Gosuslugi website, answering questions in real time using the technology of artificial intelligence.
Preservation of the originality of culture in the era of globalization is another significant topic for the region. “We are working on the creation of the “Digital twin of the small indigenous peoples of the North”. Such a method of accumulating and preserving data on the ideas of these peoples will allow preserving the language, culture, traditions, and craft, ensure the possibility of transmitting heritage in digital form using, among other things, technologies of virtual and augmented reality. This is an important social task for Ugra”, the governor explained.
Ugra is the region with rich forest resources. Experts pay great attention to the creation of a simulation model for assessing the risks of changes in the state of the forest fund. “The model makes it possible to assess the extent of the risks of accidental oil spills at licensed sites and illegal logging of forest plantations by local forest districts. This information will be used by control and supervisory authorities when planning routes of patrolling the territory by inspectors”, added Natalya Komarova.
More than half of Russia's oil is produced in Ugra. Developing a pool of technologies to increase the efficiency of producing difficult oil resources will allow achieving the objectives set by implementing solutions such as the “Digital Counterpart of the Field”, the “Digital Well”, the “Smart Drilling”, and the “Cognitive Geologist”.
Also, the governor drew the attention of the Forum participants to the novels of this year: “This year, for the first time, the International Conference #EdCrunch Ugra, one of the largest conferences in the field of new educational technologies, will take place. The international conference of notaries will also be held for the first time, and experts from Russia, Austria, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, and the Republic of Belarus will take part.
During the main plenary session, the speakers repeatedly returned to the topic of the national project “Digital Economy”. Thus, Vladimir Maslov, Director of the Digital Development Department of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Russian Federation, said that the implementation of this project only increases the importance of ongoing activities, during which the main trends of digital business transformation, state and municipal sectors, infrastructure development and introduction of information technologies in daily life of citizens of the Russian Federation will be debated. Separately, it is necessary to highlight the international component of the Forum’s events. The participation of representatives of the BRICS and SCO countries, as well as other partner countries, emphasizes the infinity of digital technologies. “Readiness of government and business circles to cooperate in areas such as information security is an objective necessity”, he said.
Tovar da Silva Nunes, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Brazil to the Russian Federation, shared with the meeting participants information on the creation of an innovative network of the BRICS countries for dialogue and exchange of experience. “There is a shortage of qualified personnel in the digital economy. There are a lot of new devices, and not many people who can work in the new paradigm”, Ambassador explained.
Binaya Srikanta Pradhan, Deputy Chief of Mission of the Embassy of the Republic of India to the Russian Federation: “We live in an era of fundamental changes. Both rich and poor people still exist. Now there is a digital revolution, and we understand that even society can be formed differently. We live in a new world. Revolution 2.0 is changing us and our existence. Neither the gender gap, nor the gap between the city and the village is reduced as quickly as the information gap”.
Vladimir Potapenko, Deputy Secretary-General of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), talked about working with the audience and its readiness to move to digital. “800 million people from 18 to 25 years old is the educated audience that seeks access to modern technology. Today's conference answers the question: how to organize access to these technologies. In the modern world, information is the most powerful weapon”, said Vladimir Potapenko.
The topic of DNS server security was repeatedly discussed on the basis of the Forum, and this year was not an exception. Fang Binxing, China Electronics Corporation, Chairman of Cloud Security Association (CSA) of China, announced his presentation during the second day of the Forum. Nowadays it is possible to disable access to DNS server from internet. Tomorrow afternoon I will give a very detailed report. We found some solutions to be protected against this. Now some companies, in particular Chinese, are suffering heavy losses. And if we all come together, we can solve this security issue. It may be possible not to contact the servers that control the process, but to resolve this issue technically in a different way. For example, we can access servers that are near each other. Nobody wants the equipment to stand idle, and this is very convenient. And it does not violate any arrangements. I arrived with a lot of experts. And we will prove that you no longer need to worry about the fact that the Internet turns into a weapon or someone will turn it against each other. We will unite and resolve this issue”, said Fang Binxing.
Vladislav Onishchenko, Head of the Analytical Center for the Government of the Russian Federation, addressed the issue of education and training of specialists. “Exchange of views for the purpose of learning is an undoubted benefit for everybody. We must provide better and more literate, safe services. It seems to me that, speaking about the creation of a single world structure, we are affecting not only the physical meaning of this concept, but also the virtual, legal, technological exchange. This will create new opportunities for further work in this area”, he explained.
The topic of artificial intelligence was raised by Evgeny Kuzmin, Deputy Chairman of the Intergovernmental Council and Chairman of the Russian Committee of the UNESCO Information for All Program (IFAP), President of the Interregional Center for Library Cooperation: “Who controls artificial intelligence, controls the whole world. In whose hands will be artificial intelligence? When we see unauthorized intrusion into networks, we understand that at this moment it is in the hands of terrorists, the enemies of humanity. And as an example of initiation of mass disorders, which are organized at the expense of information technologies, we see that this greatly affects our internal abilities, the life of society and civilization as a whole”.
Network security is the national security issue. Natalya Komarova, Ugra Governor, outlined one of the goals of the Forum: “We are all worried about the safety of behavior on the Internet. But the nuclear threat is much more obvious, and the world has not learned to respond to this challenge. And these threats remained unresolved. We place the whole world under risk. And we have to accumulate these issues and find answers thereto, including at this Forum”.
Fang Binxing, China Electronics Corporation, Chairman of Cloud Security Association (CSA) of China, supported the idea voiced by Governor: “Any technology leads to a security issue. There are two possibilities here - the technology is imperfect on the issue of security and the technology is used for evil, and therefore it causes problems. The development of the Internet has led to color revolutions, this is inevitable, but now we need to try to lock these opportunities in the cage. As the Chinese proverb says, “you cannot starve if you are afraid to choke”.
Tovar da Silva Nunes, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Brazil to the Russian Federation, in response to a question about the risks and opportunities, said that it was extremely difficult to find a balance between them. “For example, there are risks of terrorism, racism, homophobia, illegal trade. These risks are multiplied many times when we enter the digital age. But on the other hand, the opportunities are enormous - for social inclusion, for participation in people's lives. Ultimately, the most important thing is that society and government enter into an open dialogue”.
“There is no conflict”, said Natalya Komarova, Ugra Governor, at the end of the plenary session. “Here we need to talk about harmony between risks and opportunities. Any innovative thought and idea carries risks. And keep in mind reduction or exception. Obviously, in this case we are talking about finding and making solutions that are harmonious and interesting for all parties”.
At the end of the plenary session, a series of signing agreements between the Government of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug - Ugra and a number of organizations took place.
The Cooperation Agreement between the Government of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug - Ugra and Non-profit organization for the promotion of domestic systems of radio relay communication “Association of domestic producers and consumers of radio relay communication systems” was signed by Natalya Komarova, Ugra Governor, and Leonid Brusilovsky, Chairman of the Council of Non-profit organization for the promotion of domestic systems. The subject of the Agreement is the development of digital and telecommunications infrastructure, including telemedicine and educational digital services, as well as the introduction of a set of activities for the “smart city” based on the integration of information and communication technologies and the “Internet of things”.
The Cooperation Agreement between the Government of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug - Ugra and CJSC “Perspective Monitoring” was signed by Natalya Komarova, Ugra Governor, and Vladimir Klimenko, General Director of CJSC “Perspective Monitoring”. The subject of the Agreement is cooperation of the Parties in the organization of information security in the state information systems of the Autonomous Okrug and systems of inter-agency electronic interaction.
The Cooperation Agreement between the Government of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug - Ugra and PJSC “Rostelecom” was signed by Natalya Komarova, Ugra Governor, and Sergey Gusev, Vice President, Director of the “Ural” macro-regional branch of PJSC “Rostelecom”. The subject of the Agreement is cooperation in the field of information security.
The general partners of the IT-Forum are Rostelecom, Lukoil, PRIME GROUP, and Slavneft-Megionneftegaz.