of the 11th International IT Forum
with participation of the BRICS and SCO countries
The 11th International IT Forum with participation of the BRICS and SCO countries (hereinafter referred to as the Forum) was held on June 10-11, 2019 in Khanty-Mansiysk. The organizer of the Forum is the Government of the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District.
The Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District (Ugra) takes a stable leading position in the Russian Federation by development of the digital economy. Ugra is the basic region of the BRICS and the SCO on coordination of efforts aimed at finding answers to global technology challenges of our era, and the Forum is a universal platform for sharing the international practice, understanding federal initiatives and development of measures for the solution of tasks at the regional level.
The main objectives of the Forum were formulated taking into account needs of international cooperation, requirements of the Johannesburg declaration of the 10th BRICS Summit (held on July 25-27, 2018), and requirements of the Durban declaration following the results of the 4th meeting of Ministers of Communications of the BRICS countries of September 25, 2018, as well as provisions of the Qingdao declaration of the Council of heads of Shanghai Cooperation Organization member states (held on June 9-10, 2018).
In the Declaration of the 10th BRICS Summit, special attention was paid to the need of joint efforts for the purpose of ensuring safe, open, peaceful, joint and consistent use of information and communication technologies. The participants highlighted the importance of BRICS cooperation in science, technic, innovations and entrepreneurship for sustainable development and strengthening of inclusive growth. They noted the need of development of effective strategies for the purpose of reduction of the digital gap, including by means of support to people in the field of training and through use of new technologies [Section IV, subpara. 57 - 60].
Following up these provisions, the participants of the 4th meeting of Ministers of Communications of the BRICS countries agreed on further work on increasing of opportunities and solution of problems in the field of digitalization, including four new directions offered at the initiative of the Russian Federation: national systems of digital identification, big data for state policy, national data management systems and “smart” cities. Joint operation in the field of the new industrial revolution was also agreed (Partnership on New Industrial Revolution, PartNIR).
The Qingdao declaration of the Council of heads of SCO member states also highlights the importance of development and deepening of mutually beneficial cooperation, sharing of the knowledge, information and best practices in the field of information and communication technologies, including in the field of the digital economy; it also stated the need of joint counteraction to threats and challenges in the information space, including distribution and promotion of terrorist ideology by means of the Internet.
Therefore, the purpose of the Forum was to help create safe, open and consistent information space based on responsible behavior of its operators, to promote sustainable development of national digital economies and their regional components.
The 11th Forum followed up on the focal topics from previous international IT Forums:
- development of the digital economy and overcoming the digital gap;
- forming of a safe service state as a platform and as a new form of economy;
- improvement of the quality of people’s life through digitalization of the social sphere (education, science, culture, health care);
- protection of legitimate rights and interests of citizens in the field of information security and counteraction to extremism;
- sharing experience in the field of use of digital technologies in order to preserve non-material and material cultural legacy and its promotion among the population.
Special attention was paid to deepening of interaction in the field of information security, development of basic information infrastructure, digitalization of the public and municipal management (including with use of big data and artificial intelligence), issues of building up new competences in the conditions of the digital economy, and increase of the efficiency, quality and scope of digital services offered to people.
Participants from the BRICS and SCO countries exchanged experience and shared their best practices of digital transformation. It allowed creating a consolidated viewpoint on urgent problems of the evolving digital economy and development of the national strategy of “the 4th industrial revolution”, and defining the most promising directions of further cooperation and use of benefits of the BRICS and SCO countries to counteract monopolism in the field of information technologies and fight against use of information technologies for criminal purposes.
The Forum became an important step on the way of development of regulations, rules and principles of responsible behavior of states and certain regions in the information sphere.
For the purpose of effective resolution of issues of digitalization of the economy and protection of rights and freedoms of people in the field of information security, the participants of the Forum suggest the following priority actions:
In all thematic areas of the Forum:
- In conditions when digital technologies directly affect economic growth, ensure industry modernization, make social services, education and health care of better quality and widely available, the question of technology independence and competition in the digital markets is becoming s pressing issue. It is necessary to ensure a wider use of experience of the BRICS and SCO countries on project implementation in the field of digitalization of the industry, social sphere, and public administration. Creation of cross-industry, interregional and interstate digital platforms for designing and production of globally competitive products of new generation, carrying out virtual tests, creation of virtual polygons and test benches can be considered very perspective. Such platforms can and have to become an effective means to oppose to digital monopolism at the same time.
- As the digital economy develops, the problem of integration of the digital space created in each country into the uniform safe and consistent information space becomes all the more important, too. The solution of this problem requires the whole set of measures, including development of cross-border platforms and scenarios of interaction aimed at both stimulation of development of the digital economy and protection against external cyber threats. Harmonization of approaches in the field of legal regulation is of particular importance, as it is intended to create favorable conditions for the most effective use of results of intellectual activity, implementation and use of information technologies, on the one hand, and to ensure protection of legitimate rights and interests of citizens, including in connection with development of the robotic equipment and cyberphysical systems, on the other hand.
- Digitalization of public administration envisaging transition to pro-active digital services (“superservices”) through unified portals gives rise for new requirements and new risks for public authorities. Automation of interaction with the state, including high-speed registration, changes a set of competences necessary for public employees. It is necessary to collect and analyze the best practices both in the field of transition to superservices and in the field of increase in digital qualification of public employees. Emergence of “digital twins” of citizens causes new requests of the citizens in the field of information security and information protection, which also requires studying and sharing best practices for their use at the national and regional level.
- Lately, a new group of risks connected with use of artificial intelligence emerged. Widespread implementation of AI technologies can provide the states with essential economic benefits through increase in production efficiency. It allows strengthening scientific potential and ensures safety in the information sphere. However, artificial intelligence also brings in a number of risks: it can become a tool of psychological manipulation or propaganda. We need an expert dialogue aimed at development of the uniform consolidated position on use of artificial intelligence for the purpose of sustainable development and for the benefit of citizens, taking into account national and regional specifics.
In separate thematic areas of the Forum:
The III International conference on information security Infoforum-Ugra with participation of the BRICS, SCO and CSTO countries (hereinafter referred to as the International conference)
The purpose of the International conference was to strengthen measures of trust between specialists in the field of information security of different states.
Participants of the International conference came to the conclusion that there were major and core changes in development of technologies ongoing. The world in rapidly incorporating digital technologies and AI technologies which essentially affect the way new forms of public relations, new communications between people, organizations and countries are created, they accelerate and change forms of taking management decisions, make a person dependent on these technologies and their developers.
There is a real danger that certain countries can plan or put pressure upon other countries, using their superiority in the field of digital technologies, software and patents for the right of their use. Such attempts which can be considered equally to military pressure in the international relations, cause a legal desire of other countries to rapidly develop their own projects and solutions, to look for and find opportunities for consolidation of efforts with other countries.
Thus, the importance of platforms for dialogue, such as International conference on information security Infoforum-Ugra, increases in these conditions. It is necessary not only to make such meetings regularly, but also establish its own organizational mechanism which would then allow experts from different countries of the world to meet both in Ugra, and in other interested countries.
Following the results of the conference, the following proposals were made:
- To maintain the practice of holding annual international conferences on information security in Khanty-Mansiysk with participation of the BRICS, SCO, CSTO and other countries.
- To consider it purposeful to start, in the nearest future, preparation of the regular International conference, establish the terms and conditions of participation, send corresponding invitations to interested countries and organizations for the purpose of inclusion of the action in the plan for 2020.
- Within the regular International conference on information security in Khanty-Mansiysk in 2020, to suggest that member states prepare their own seminars, presentations or exhibition projects, where they can in detail demonstrate their approaches to the solution of the main problems of information security and organizational decisions taken by them.
At the same time, to plan holding sessions on most topical issues: “AI technologies and information security”; “Science and education in the field of information security: perspective directions and forecasts”.
- To consider a possibility of creation of a non-state organization, Ugra Organization of Cooperation (YOC), as an organizations of public dialogue of specialists in the field of information security representing science, education, business and industry of the BRICS, SCO, CSTO and other countries of Asia, Europe, America and Africa, interested in the dialogue.
The activities of the organization will be aimed at distribution of knowledge in the field of information security, including among the youth, formation of general or correlating standards in the field of information security of the interacting states, support of the best practices and projects which are of interest for the development in the field of digital economy, as well as holding permanent international meetings.
For the purposes of creation of this organization, during 2019-2020 to develop an interaction mechanism, statutory documents, to define countries and organizations interested in participation, the state and the city for the headquarters, the chairman and governing bodies.
- The most important condition of effective information security in all interested countries is permanent distribution of information through television, radio, the Internet and printed media in order to increase the level of awareness of the population, development of information literacy, distribution of data on new risks and threats in everyday life.
In this regard it is reasonable to continue work of “The international Ugra club of information security experts” (Ugra club) and the corresponding website covering its activities (https://blog.infoforum.ru).
Also, to study a possibility of establishment of a separate award in 2020 “For Promotion of Ideas of Information Security in Society” to reward efforts of specialists in bringing information on relevance of information security problems in certain states and need for international cooperation in this sphere to the general public and decision makers.
- To express gratitude to the Governor and the Government of the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District for the support in the organization and holding of the professional conference at high level, as well as to heads of international organizations, public authorities, organizations and enterprises of all the member states of the conference for the high level of attention to problems of the international information security and need for international cooperation in the format of a face-to-face dialogue of experts from different countries of the world.
The international conference on technologies in education EdCrunch Ugra
The participants of the Conference believed that formation of the digital educational environment was one of the key directions of development of modern education. The digital educational environment is intended to provide accessibility and equal opportunities in education regardless of the place of residence, the social status, the state of health and special educational needs of students.
Following the Conference, the following recommendations were prepared:
- The education system builds up human capital as a key factor of development of economy in the 21st century. This is how education contributes to acceleration of the economic growth, technology modernization and, through reproduction of the basic cultural code, social stability and sustainability. Modern education has to create a new set of basic knowledge and abilities demanded by the digital economy. All this generates the need for large-scale use of digital solutions and information and communication technologies both at the stage of general and vocational education, and, therefore, high interest in implementation of these solutions both on the national and regional level.
- In the conditions of digitalization, methods of interaction with information on which the education system is based are subject to serious changes. The analysis of regional digitalization practices in education, including experience of the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District, reveals importance of creation of a uniform educational complex of the region. Digital technologies allow overcoming shortage of educational resources in schools, provide personalization of education (choice of the trajectory, a variety of training materials, assistance in education), increase motivation of students (interactive training materials, training games) and facilitate routine activity of teachers and education managers.
- At the same time, international experience has demonstrated benefits of mixed training methods uniting the traditional room education that is to form personal (human) connection between teachers and pupils, and electronic training in the information and education environment. It allows combining direct influence of both the teacher and mates on the personality of the pupil, including his/her learning motivation, with the flexibility, adaptivity, interactivity and the high level of individualization of the training process inherent to electronic systems. Further development of the mixed training will allow increasing overall performance of teachers, making work of a teacher really creative, and at the same time increasing the level of education.
- There are special requirements to the qualification of teachers today. They should master new digital educational and methodical complexes and start to independently develop digital educational resources, including digital games and simulators for school disciplines (with a possibility of their use together with traditional textbooks). In this regard, the cascade model of advanced training of teachers looks very perspective as it embraces mutual training of teachers through coaching, mentoring, joint surveys and professional network community of the distributed leadership.
- Considering the scale of the tasks facing the education system, it is specifically important to involve all stakeholders (concerned parties) in discussion of the basic principles and directions of digitalization in education, including representatives of governing education bodies, teachers, parents and pupils. Therefore, the participants of the Conference support the initiative on creation of a Community or an Association for digitalization in education in order to perform joint development of approaches, standards on integration of different services, and selection of the most effective solutions.
International conference of notaries
The participants of the Conference came to the conclusion that active use of electronic technologies in notary activity, including electronic interaction of a notariate with the state and other organizations and transition to electronic document management, allowed providing citizens and business with convenient and reliable tools to speed up processes of registration and other forms of administration.
Following the discussion, participants of the round table made the following decisions.
- The electronic notariate allows providing citizens with digital and comfortable service in traditional and major application areas, including in real estate transactions where a notary is to protect the property rights. Transition to the digital format ensures operational verification of legally significant data, prevents fraudulent actions with notarial documents and, consequently, stabilizes civil administration area. Therefore, further development of notariate information systems and establishing of interaction with the state and other information systems for the purpose of more effective use of the available potential, improvement of quality and availability of notarial services is necessary.
- Development of digital technologies leads to permanent elongation of the list of notarial actions which can be digitalized and performed remotely (without personal visit of a person to the notary’s). The digital format has proved useful for services where no confirmation of will of the applicant is required. In this regard, it becomes necessary to perform an analysis of experience for the purpose of revealing the best and the most demanded and effective ones.
- It is necessary to use latest information technologies in notariates more actively. In particular, the question of connection of notaries to the biometric system of remote person identification is quite urgent today.
- Development and improvement of public services of notariates for the benefit of citizens, business communities, the public and municipal administration are of particular importance. Public services block the possibility of fraudulent actions and help provide the maximum reliability of a primary document being the basis for a certain right.
- The process of integration of notariates into the electronic communication system requires from notaries improvement of theoretical knowledge and new practical skills. It is reasonable to generalize the experience in this sphere for the purpose of development of methodical recommendations for advanced training of the practicing notaries (taking into account country legal specifics).
Meeting of experts of business councils of the BRICS and SCO countries on “Formation and Development of Electronic Business in the Digitalization Era”
Participants of the meeting discussed experience and current tendencies of electronic business in the economy of the BRICS and SCO countries, having paid special attention to the need for unification of the notion and conceptual frameworks used in the field of electronic trading and harmonization of legal and administrative regulation in this sector of the economy for the purpose of further consolidation of the electronic trade sphere.
Participants of the meeting came to the following conclusions:
- In the current technical and economic wave, part of which is the digitalization process, there are high-quality changes in business models, the nature of business, its management ways and flexibility. Digitalization allows achieving dramatic growth of indicators of cost efficiency, bringing them to a new, higher level, which is especially important for the BRICS and SCO countries in the conditions of digital monopolism.
- Technologies which can produce the greatest impact on business in the nearest future are technologies of artificial intelligence, Big Data analysis, cloud computing, the Internet of things, robotics, unmanned vehicles, production of customized products and 3D - printing, social networks and other types of digital Internet platforms. These digital technologies do not exactly substitute the existing types of economic activity; however, they will unblock their hidden economic potential, at the same time generating demand for new, highly skilled labor power. In this regard, the question of personnel training for the digital economy is of special relevance here.
- In most cases, companies estimate the effect gained from implementation of projects on use of digital technologies as “meeting their expectations” or even “exceeding” them. The main effect is expressed in simplification and acceleration of processes and increase in accuracy and quality of work. The biggest problems arising during digital project implementation are lack of experience, shortage of qualified managers, high cost of projects. The possibility of organizational resistance connected with insufficient preparation of future users has not been fully considered yet. This problem also requires targeted training initiatives.
- Changes at the level of companies have to be supported at the macro-level, that is in the system of public administration and legal regulation. The most topical issues arise in connection with management of information risks and need for cyber security. It demands development of such services as identification and authentication of communicating subjects, protection against unauthorized access and modification of documents, verification of rights of signers. Eventually, it is about formation of the uniform infrastructure of digital confidence. Development of the concept of uniform infrastructure of digital confidence is one of the most important tasks.
Meeting of the committee of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District together with the council of business cooperation of the BRICS and SCO countries on “Female Entrepreneurship and Digitalization of Economy”
Participants of the meeting discussed what opportunities and challenges the new economic way will bring and how to attract more women in the technology field of activity. They came to conclusion that active participation of women in the development of the digital economy promoted sustainable economic growth.
Following the meeting, the participants came up with the following recommendations:
- draw more attention of both authorities and the general public to the digital gender gap in order to eliminate the existing negative gender stereotypes in this sphere and expand participation of women in hi-tech sectors of economy.
- analyze the barriers preventing girls and women from training in STEM disciplines (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics), including their access to education in the field of information technologies, and develop measures aimed at reducing these barriers.
- continue development and implementation of national and regional programs of assistance to the development of digital skills for women promoting their integration into the modern labor market, as well as training business programs for women in the field of digital business. At the same time, it makes sense to pay special attention to women aged 50+, representatives of socially unprotected segments of the population, women working in traditional economies and/or living in remote areas etc. The suggested forms of assistance to representatives of these groups can include specialized packages of Internet services, electronic platforms for female entrepreneurs etc.
- recommend for further use experience of the Association of female entrepreneurs at the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District on advanced training of female entrepreneurs and professional training of women interested in development of their own business.
- support the Russian initiative on creation of the BRICS Women Business Alliance, introduced at the Xth Summit of leaders of the BRICS countries in Johannesburg (held on July 25, 2018). The Alliance is to become a platform for exchange of experience and development of entrepreneurial potential of women.
Panel discussion “Joint import substitution in the BRICS and SCO countries”
The participants discussed interaction of member states on joint exchange of technologies for their subsequent deployment at the domestic markets, decrease in dependence on import of IT products from countries which are not members of the economic block, shared opinions about potentially interesting solutions for markets and industries of the BRICS and SCO countries.
The participants came to conclusion that the problem of political pressure upon economy in certain states by means of different sanctions and bans in the field of digital products had become acute recently. High degree of dependence of national organizations on the import of hardware and software poses additional risks on economic operators and can lead to serious effects in case of cancellation of deliveries, maintenance, updates of digital products and availability of the so-called undeclared tags.
Following the discussion, the following recommendations were developed:
- The BRICS and SCO countries understand the need for development of the free market of digital products based on interchangeability and competition. Monopolization of the market by several producers will constrain development of national economies whereas cooperation can reveal common requirements and help the partner states to improve their IT products.
- It is necessary to strengthen interaction of the BRICS and SCO countries to identify joint interests and opportunities in development of digital solutions and systems, including formation of the common databank of IT products of the BRICS and SCO countries with the description of their characteristics, opportunities and scope of application, as well as organization of experimental grounds for joint testing of IT products, and launching of pilot projects. The next step in development of interaction of the BRICS and SCO countries in the field of digital economy could be study of joint projects for expansion on international markets, including joint financing of such projects.
- Financial institutions and large corporations of the BRICS and SCO countries need to create joint consortia for investments into digital solutions. It is necessary to consider the possibility of creation of international funds in the field of high technologies and innovations. Investments into development of the national software should have an advancing character and be used for perspective products, requirements for which have just arisen, and the functionality of which is only developing.
- At the national level, it appears purposeful to adopt regulatory legal acts limiting characteristics of the purchased software which would not allow any state customers to buy the software with excessive consumer characteristics. It requires development of mechanisms of assessment (including independent) and confirmation of characteristics of the software, and adoption of corresponding proof of impossibility to buy national software. On the other hand, developers have to provide more flexible pricing on digital products in cases when they use these preferences.
- National manufacturers should strengthen their marketing activities on informing potential customers of opportunities of national solutions, including creation of the databank of successful implementation cases and migration to the national software. It is also necessary to strengthen activities of national institutes promoting export of high technologies to international markets in order to create conditions for building up of export opportunities of manufacturers.
- National software developers need to pay attention to the training of specialists of customers to use the new software. Also, within preparation of IT personnel in profile institutions, it makes sense to organize training programs of use of the national software and hardware.
- Practical implementation of earlier agreements, including on creation of a new joint independent payment system, has to be intensified.
Panel discussion “Basis of development of the digital economy - the National Data Management System”
During the meeting, the experts discussed creation of the National Data Management System in the Russian Federation, implementation on its basis of the digital profile of citizens, and legal regulation of data circulation in the SCO countries.
Participants of the panel discussion noted the importance of Order of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 710 of June 3, 2019 “About experiments on improvement of quality and coherence of data contained in the state information resources” for carrying out a pilot experiment in the course of creation of the National Data Management System with participation of pilot regions.
Experts noted the need of active participation of the regional authorities in creation of the National Data Management System, use of the mechanism of framework agreements on cooperation with regions, deep analysis of regional information systems regarding their maturity to be included in the National Data Management System.
During the meeting, the participants discussed the superservice “Digital Profile of the Citizen” representing a set of information about citizens and legal entities contained in information systems of public authorities. The service is being developed as an experiment within implementation of the National Data Management System with a possibility of ensuring identification of citizens and legal entities, as well as provision of public services.
The discussion about legal regulation and effective exchange of information between the BRICS and SCO countries gave a clearer idea about mechanisms of regulation in this sphere and allowed making the following conclusions:
- There is a great need for transformation of the existing system of global management today. This demand caused emergence of such associations as the BRICS and the SCO. Further development of these associations is aimed at achievements of the synergy effect leading to increase in the importance of each member state in the world economy.
- When developing strategic concepts and “road maps” of development of partnership of the BRICS and SCO countries, it is necessary to consider specific projects of the BRICS countries in the field of management of state information resources for the purpose of development of a joint position on key questions of cross-border data circulation and information protection.
Panel discussion “Personnel training for digital economy”
The participants discussed the basic model of competences of the digital economy, involvement of children and teenagers in tasks of the digital economy as part of the implementation of projects of additional education and training of IT-specialists at the level of professional education, and considered problems of implementation of innovative educational technologies at all stages of education.
Following the discussion, the participants came to the following conclusions:
- It is necessary to create the glossary of the digital economy especially for the personnel training purposes. The glossary has to include definitions of such key terms as “Digital literacy”, “Basic competence model of the digital economy”, “Digital transformation of education” etc. Lack of the glossary leads to the fact that at the same time there is a large number of digital competence models that are not connected with each other, and none of them suits all the participants of the educational and economic relations.
- Comparative analysis of the main foreign models of digital competences reveals that these models, as a rule, have an abstract character and are obviously not correlated to cultural and historical traditions of the country in which they are used, to problems of its social and economic development. Very often, the competences are replaced with personal qualities, capabilities, abilities, knowledge, which complicates or makes it impossible to use the digital competences as tools of assessment and development within different levels and forms of education. Understanding the effect of these or those parameters of the digital transformation of the education system on increase in educational performance of students is still an open question today.
- The BRICS and SCO countries, including the Russian Federation, have already faced a personnel deficit problem for the digital economy. The problem of certification of the existing educational programs, including programs of additional vocational education is particularly acute and can be resolved only at the national level. The question of advanced training of specialists in the education sphere for the purpose of their fuller compliance to the tasks of training for the digital economy is of no lesser importance.
- It is necessary to increase practical focus of education in the field of information technologies. This requires decrease in administrative load of IT specialists coming as teachers to educational organizations, on the one hand, and more opportunities to use the results of the project activity of scholars in the field of information communication and information technologies to pass exams to higher educational institutions, on the other hand.
- It is necessary to better use the best practices in the field of training for the digital economy, including such Russian practices as experience of implementation of school educational programs “Yandex.Lyceum”, projects on preparation of managers for the digital economy at Institute of organizational development and strategic initiatives of the Russian academy of national economy and public service, the project on training for the entrepreneurial community of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Russian Federation, the Digital Portfolio of IT Competences project of ANO for assistance to the development of innovative solutions “Digital education and technologies” etc. Sharing experience in personnel training accumulated in the BRICS and SCO countries will ensure improvement of quality of ongoing projects.
Panel discussion “Smart City: Comfortable Urban Environment”
During the discussion, participants came to conclusion about the need of determination of the basic functionality of the “smart city”, identification of demand for infrastructure elements and targeted search of pilot projects. For the successful implementation of a complex set of initiatives, integration of interconnected projects, creation of the architecture based on open standards, data management, creation of an administration system for formation of “smart cities” at the level of the region are extremely important.
Following the discussion, the following was highlighted:
- Transformation of modern cities through information technologies into “smart cities” is a megatrend of today. The main goal of a “smart city” is to create comfortable and most eco-friendly environment that requires use of varied technologies and technology solutions.
- “Smart cities” projects realized in the BRICS and SCO countries so far have, as a rule, no complex character and most often include only modernization of separate systems, targeted digitalization and intellectualization of separate services and elements of the infrastructure. Transition to comprehensive programs demands synchronization of development of “smart cities” at the national and regional levels. It envisages development and approval of national standards of “smart cities”, corresponding concepts and standards of data exchange.
- Development of “smart cities” has to be done on the general methodological and infrastructure basis. For this purpose, it makes sense to focus on the safe city system in the general target architecture as a component of a smart city with corresponding organizational managerial measures and integration scenarios. At the national level, it is necessary to create situational centers, form basic infrastructure and regulate the circulation of data that are the most essential factors for fundamental development of “smart cities”.
- In the proactive manner, it is necessary to create a regulatory framework for “smart cities” and to adopt relevant regulating documents. For example, it is already now that the Russian regions need to understand perspectives and terms of implementation of the cloud information system for town-planning activities.
- In plans of development of comfortable urban environment, issues of participation and interest of business in the development of smart city infrastructure are still poorly handled. “Smart city” projects have to bring both social and economic effect. Development of “smart cities” requires a complex of varied projects functioning on the basis of public and private partnership, including in those spheres where monetization can take long and be realized stepwise.
- Therefore, it is necessary to create a databank servicing “smart cities” in the BRICS and SCO countries. Today, “Our City” and “Active Citizen” projects (Moscow), the project of a residence complex Guangfengchong (Kunming, the People's Republic of China), the Karle Town Center project (Bangalore, India), as well as digitalization projects in the cities of Aguas-de-Sao Pedro (Brazil) and Ekurhuleni (Republic of South Africa) are worth including in this databank. Implementation of a pilot project of the Ministry of Construction, Housing and Utilities “Smart city” in 37 cities of the Russian Federation, including Khanty-Mansiysk and Surgut, is also likely to replenish the databank.
Panel discussion “Safe city. Efficiency of implementation of intellectual information and analytical systems”
The participants of the panel discussion recognized that the purpose of creation and development of the Safe City hardware and software complex is to increase the general level of public safety, law and order, and safety of the environment through significant improvement of coordination of efforts and services responsible for the resolution of these tasks and their operational interaction on the basis of information technologies.
To achieve this target, it is necessary to develop uniform functional and engineering requirements to hardware and software solutions aimed at identification of potential weak points, forecasting, prevention of threats and responding to them, as well as ensuring information exchange at the national, regional and municipal levels through the common information space, taking into account differentiation of access rights to information of different character.
In this regard, it was recommended:
- To start forming a databank of analytical solutions for creation of modern systems of video surveillance and video recording.
- To continue implementation of biometric systems of person identification as a solution for protection against threats of terrorism and crime.
- To analyze the practice of implementation of intellectual systems for management of regions, cities and enterprises, information support for the protection of the population in emergency situations.
The participants of the panel discussion came to conclusion that development and implementation of “Safe city” information and analytical systems required continuous development of the regulatory framework on safety of the personality and society, development and implementation of target programs to protect the population from specific threats, and carrying out uniform policy of the authorities of all levels in the field of safety and security.
Panel discussion ”Legal basis of digital transformation of the economy”
Traditionally, the discussion was held in memory of the outstanding jurist, the honored lawyer of the Russian Federation, the founder of the information right of Russia Illariya Lavrentyevna Bachilo.
During the discussion, it was noted that the information legislation was developing in the manner of situational accumulation of laws and acts, their continuous correction and addition. It needs codification and stabilization in the format of interdepartmental and intersectoral cooperation with the purpose of transformation of all processes of development of the information society, the digital economy, and information security into a complex cross-industry system of legal regulations.
The participants of the discussion came to conclusion about the need of careful theoretical study of new macro-objects and a new class of legal means that appeared in connection with mass distribution of information technologies. Only this study will allow us to ensure terminological unity, and, consequently, system approach in order to create a regulatory framework of the digital economy.
Following the discussion, the following recommendations were formulated:
- For the creation of the flexible system of legal regulation to support digital transformation of the industries of economy, the social sphere and authorities, and for the implementation of civil circulation based on digital technologies according to the Unified plan for achievement of the national development targets of the Russian Federation until 2024 in the direction “Normative Regulation of the Digital Environment”, it is necessary to take part in the implementation of the following activities:
create a legal framework for the formation of the uniform digital environment of confidence and electronic civil circulation;
provide favorable legal conditions for collecting, storage and processing of the data, and for the implementation and use of innovation technologies in the financial market;
form legal conditions in the field of legal proceedings and notary activities in connection with development of the digital economy;
develop legislative regulation for creation and use of the results of intellectual activity, antimonopoly regulation in the conditions of the digital economy;
form complex (cross-industry) normative regulations in the field of digital economy, create a permanent change management and competences (knowledge) management mechanism in the field of regulation of the digital economy.
- It is necessary to take legislative measures in order to implement the principle of information reliability at its distribution in the virtual space, taking into account guarantees to protect interests of all participants of the legal relations, as well as envisage measures for further development of the electronic civil circulation. First of all, it is relevant to legal regulation of new legal institutions, such as “cyberphysical systems”, “artificial intelligence”, “big data”, “Internet of things”, “industrial Internet”, “distributed registers”, behavioral data, user's profiles, adjustment of the existing ones (identification, personal data, data depersonalization, use of information resources etc.).
- In order to ensure the systematic and approved legal regulation, it is necessary to develop and create the Concept of complex legal regulation of relations arising in connection with development of the digital economy. The Concept has to define strategic objectives and problems of legal regulation of development of the digital economy, define the main problems in the field of legal support of the digital economy, general and special approaches to forming of the directions of development of the legislation for the purpose of its adaptation to the digital economy.
- Considering shortcomings of the existing concept of the uniform digital environment of confidence as a trusted environment for digital signatures, it seems reasonable to consider another concept, that is formation of the uniform environment of confidence as a trusted infrastructure of electronic interaction that provides, first of all, reliable identification of participants, confirmation of powers of a signer, archive storage of electronic documents.
- This requires both synthesis of experience from implementation of basic federal laws, legislation of subjects of the Russian Federation, other regulatory legal acts in the information sphere, taking into account features of subjects of the Russian Federation, and updating and harmonization of the whole legislation, taking into account formation of an ecosystem of the digital economy. At the regional and municipal levels, it is necessary to form normative, legal, organizational and methodical support for the development of the informational society and the digital economy.
First-priority tasks in these conditions are:
organization of monitoring of the federal and regional legislation for the purpose of determination of consistency of the existing regulations to the purposes of development of the digital economy;
organization of monitoring of law enforcement of regulations of the federal and regional legislation on development of the informational society and the digital economy;
development and updating of regulatory legal acts and strategic documents on development of the informational society and the digital economy;
ensuring adequacy and flexibility when introducing amendments to the legislation, necessary for adaptation to rapidly changing requirements of the digital transformation, taking into account expansion of rights and opportunities of subjects of an ecosystem of the digital economy, including authorities, public and local government offices and non-profit organizations;
resolution of problems of organization and legal support of legally significant electronic interaction, electronic document management, electronic archive storage.
- It is necessary to take part in pilot projects on organization of “regulatory sandboxes”, experimental zones where most advanced developments on legal regulation will be tested.
- It is necessary to strengthen interaction between authorities, profile NPOs, business, scientific and educational community for acceleration of the digital transformation, implementation of key state programs, implementation of new technologies and business models, and to have an opportunity to proactively respond to technology and economic failures and crises, and influence the rate of implementation of innovations.
- It is necessary to support introduction of amendments to the legislation in the field of public and private partnership, municipal and private partnership, concessionary agreements for the purpose of its distribution in programs for electronic computers, databases, technical means ensuring functioning of objects of information technologies, data-processing centers, as well as for the purpose of development of the normative legal basis of different forms of cooperation between the state, municipalities and business in the conditions of the informational society and the digital economy.
- It is necessary to recognize that development of the Information Code of the Russian Federation as basic part of the information legislation is one of the perspective directions of legal support and ensuring development of the informational society and the digital economy, in order to ensure breakthrough change in all industries of social and economic development of the country.
Strategic case session “Digital culture”
The best practices and experience in the field of digitization of cultural heritage were introduced at the session. Experiment of Hungary and People's Republic of China on use of modern information technologies in culture and mechanisms of creation of the common information space at the regional level (experience of the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District) were discussed.
Following the session, the participants:
- Recognized that the use of information technologies in the field of culture in modern conditions of globalization is a necessary pre-requisite not only for accumulation of competitive advantages of cultural institutions, but also for development of the digital economy of the BRICS and SCO countries.
- Emphasized complementarity of economic, educational and cultural aspects of sustainable development in national digital strategies.
- Recommended to continue creation and equipping of digital platforms for storage of digital copies of literary monuments, digitization of museum collections and objects, creation of multimedia guides with use of Augmented Reality (including on the Artefact platform), organization of online broadcasts of significant cultural events, and expand the use of latest technology solutions for preserving the cultural, historical and scientific legacy in the digital era.
- Supported international cooperation for the purpose of ensuring broader and affordable access to digital technologies, development of the corresponding skills and competences, and creation of mechanisms necessary for development of the dynamic industry of culture and creativity in the digital environment.
Round table “Information technologies in oil and gas production: digital field, present and future of digitalization of the industry”
The participants of the round table considered problems of digitalization of the oil industry, including organization of remote monitoring of performance of industrial facilities, creation of dynamic digital models of oil fields, optimum control of field development on the basis of geological and hydrodynamic modeling, digitalization of wells and fields, intellectualization of processes of survey, production and transportation.
The participants of the round table came to conclusion that for the most effective management of a field it is important to ensure controllability and transparency of all processes. Intellectual technologies allow us to solve this problem, delivering huge volume of data from telemetry systems in real time. The data analysis allows making operational and precise management decisions, effective planning of geological and technical operations, as well as preventive maintenance and repair of the equipment. It is important that management of a large number of wells can be organized both centrally and remotely. In this regard, it was recommended to continue implementation of intellectual technologies in the oil and gas companies.
Round table “Transformation of archives in the digital era: problems and solutions”
The participants of the round table were unanimous that the ongoing processes of digital transformation of all spheres of society and changing expectations of the public made us review methods of work in the field of preserving electronic documents, their reproduction in time, and methods of preparation and advanced training of specialists in the field of document management and archiving. During the discussion about electronic documents in document management, archiving and public administration, the participants identified common problems in this sphere in different countries.
According to the participants of the round table, the most important of them are:
- terminological problems regulating the processes of creation, storage and use of electronic documents, resolution of which requires formation of a single terminological system of electronic document management and archiving at the legislative level;
- problems of archiving of electronic documents, resolution of which should be started with the level of departmental storage;
- problems with equipment of processes of long-term archive storage of electronic documents with preserving of their legal relevance and access to them.
Apart from that, the participants of the round table noted steady positive tendencies in the resolution of questions of ensuring safety and use of the archived electronic documents and data contained in databases and information systems, and improvement of access to archive documents using new technologies. There are research projects, regulatory legal acts, and methodical documents regulating work with electronic documents in document management, their preparation for transfer to archive storage in the Public archive offices, their accounting, storage and access to them. They noted the growth of interaction of document specialists, archivists, managers and commercial structures, as well as scientists with data managers and archiving experts.
The participants of the round table made the following recommendations, proceeding from the fact that archive information is memory of a nation and has to be considered as a valuable resource which needs to be managed in a targeted and organized manner, starting in the planning phase, that is proactively, systematically, comprehensively and regardless of the environment of creation, the format or type of the carrier so as to have an opportunity to save information for future generations:
- It is necessary to continue work on legislative regulation and scientific and methodical support for creation, long-term archive storage of electronic documents with preserving of their legal relevance and use of electronic documents, as well as research of lifecycle of an electronic document.
- The scientific community should maintain the practice of holding discussions about development of uniform methodology and approaches of maintaining electronic document management and archiving in the formats of round tables, seminars, and conferences.
- Organizations of higher and secondary professional education should perform training in the field of document management and archiving, continue expansion of educational and methodical base for the purpose of adding data on electronic document management and archiving into curricula, educational and methodological materials on the basis of the analysis of modern electronic documentary processes.
Round table “Lean technologies in digital economy”
The participants of the round table discussed the main aspects of the paradigm of lean management, methods of production optimization with use of economical technologies, and use of lean technologies in the processes of modernization of education.
Following the round table, the following conclusions were made:
- Modern realities of economic development cause new large-scale tasks for the state and society, resolution of which in modern conditions is impossible without lean technologies. Structural transformation of the industries of economy requires expansion of spheres and types of activity in which methods and instruments of lean management are used. At the same time, the digital vector of development becomes the basis for the development of economy and implementation of lean technologies in development processes, because digital technologies help cover and use as much as possible the potential of every sector of economy.
- Digitalization penetrates such processes that could hardly be robotized and digitized before. For example, some 10 years ago, it was impossible to imagine that assessment of competency of a hired employees can be performed by means of methods of neural network modeling. Yet, digital technologies are being constantly developed, and today the operating assessment method for digital competence of workers on the basis of neural network modeling was introduced at the round table.
- It should be also noted that implementation of lean technologies in all spheres of social and economic development is not always possible. At the round table, this problem was considered on an example of processes of higher education.
- The major lever to solve difficult tasks, including implementation of lean technologies in the development of economy in modern conditions, is information exchange using the latest technologies in the IT sphere. At that, competent approach and weighed decisions at each stage of development and process management of digitalization and transformation are necessary.
Round table “Development of digital technologies in the utilities sector”
Best practices of implementation of modern interactive services to involve citizens in the solution of questions of municipal economy, intellectual monitoring systems and management in utilities and power sectors, as well as experience of transferring services on technology accession to engineering networks in the electronic form were discussed at the round table.
The participants of the round table came to the following conclusions:
- Digitalization of the utilities sector implies changing the paradigm of the whole cycle of production and resource consumption and provision of utilities. Digitalization allows solving a problem of incomplete, unreliable and outdated information about the state of the housing, consumers, volumes of the rendered services and their quality. Also, digitalization gives an opportunity to completely exclude a person and his/her subjective discretion from the process of data collection, accumulation, processing and, respectively, use as the basis for financial settlements for services. Such technologies as the Internet of things practically destroy corruption schemes in the utilities sector and ensure substantially increased transparency of the industry, including for public control.
- In the process of digitalization, the utilities companies face a number of challenges: excessive regulatory pressure, rapid development of information technologies (for example, wireless technologies of data transmission and creation of networks for the Internet of things are actively implemented today), higher competition, changing market conditions. The regulatory base in the field of utilities in its essential part is incomplete, unstable and subject to frequent changes, there is no regulation in the field of digitalization. Other long-standing challenges include low quality and dissociation of data in the field of utilities, lack of the general ontology of the description of data and data model, including definition of master sources. To solve these issues, it is necessary to develop general approaches with participation of all concerned parties, including representatives of the state regulating authorities, regional and municipal authorities, service and operating companies and suppliers of resources, telecom operators, system integrators, startups in the field of the Internet of things etc.
- Not all the regions are equally ready for full-fledged digitalization of the utilities sector. A number of regions, including the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District, already managed to accumulate large experience and to try a number of effective solutions in the field of implementation of “smart” metering devices, creation of digital user services, robotization of routine payment processes, and use of opportunities of artificial intelligence and big data for the analysis and taking of adequate management decisions. At the same time, other regions has just started digitalization of their utilities sector. The gap in regional practices leads to duplication of costs for regions, and to a situation when development of a service of the same type can be strongly differentiated. Therefore, replication and distribution of experience of leading regions is an urgent task.
In addition, the participants of the round table recommended considering the possibility of use of the Uniform portal of public services for the purpose of ensuring uniform approaches on involvement of citizens in the solution of questions of development of municipal services, including at implementation of the legally significant actions connected with the solution of these issues.
Round table “Perspectives of market development of the National technology initiative in Ugra”
The participants of the round table came to conclusion that the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District had all the pre-requisites for participation in the market of NTI “Aeronet” on the basis of development of the program complex of automatic control of unmanned aerial systems (UAS): there is necessary educational environment for preparation of the specialists, there are stands for sales of products. It is necessary to form support infrastructure, where specialists will be able to place and implement their products.
Round table “Research of transformation of the institutional environment of resource-producing regions of the North in the conditions of digitalization of the economy”
The participants of the round table noted that processes of digitalization of the economy in the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District developed rapidly and had pronounced regional specifics.
They paid special attention to successful implementation of researches on influence of digitalization of the economy on the institutional environment of public administration at Institute of economy of the Ural department of the Russian Academy of Sciences, and on significant activities of the Omsk branch of Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation for the problem of regional competitiveness in the conditions of digitalization.
The participants of the round table noted:
- Importance of deep and qualitative analysis of transformation of the institutional environment of northern regions under the influence of digitalization of the economy.
- When forming state programs on development of information technologies, the need to consider specifics of economic culture and contradictions in the development of entrepreneurship of the resource-producing region of the North in the conditions of digitalization of the economy.
The participants of the round table recommended coordination of activities on the following priority directions during further study of transformation of the institutional environment of resource-producing regions of the North in the conditions of digitalization of the economy:
- Development of methods of overcoming contradictions of development of the institutional environment of the northern resource-producing regions in the conditions of digitalization;
- Institutional bases of information security on the basis of domestic developments during transfer, processing and storage of data ensuring protection of interests of the person, business and the state;
- The institutional environment for the preparation of highly qualified personnel for work in the conditions of digitalization of the economy.
Round table “Digital health care”
The participants of the round table discussed the main strategic directions of digital transformation of health care and presented the latest solutions in spheres of forming of a medical profile of a patient in the digital environment and use of artificial intelligence in medicine.
The participants came to the following conclusions:
- Active development of information technologies in health care and transition to creation of a uniform digital frame of health care imposes especially high quality requirements of medical information systems, which makes the analysis and replication of successful regional experience of informatization and experience of the advanced medical organizations more demanded. Obviously, there is a need for systematization of the already available state information systems in the field of health care (SIS HC) and medical information systems of medical organizations (MIS MO), and in carrying out comparative analysis of SIS HC used in the BRICS and SCO countries.
- Also, there is a need for development of the system of objective efficiency evaluation of SIS HC and MIS MO in the main directions (maintaining the electronic schedule of doctors, maintaining electronic medical records of patients, automatic unloading of accounts to territorial funds of compulsory medical insurance, creation and storage of legally relevant electronic medical documents etc.).
- Although in recent years, we have managed to break the psychological barrier of medical personnel working with medical computer systems, there is still a rather high level of organizational resistance to implementation and use of these systems. This problem is universal and exists in the BRICS and SCO countries. Its solution requires more active accounting of interests and needs of end users (medical workers and patients of medical institutions) when developing medical information systems. It is necessary to fully consider these interests and requirements when developing requirements for SIS HC and MIS MS.
Meeting of the club of regional IT ministers
Measures and the order of support of digital development projects for the economy of subjects of the Russian Federation, including implementation of the digital technology solutions and digital platforms created mainly on the basis of domestic developments, were discussed at the meeting.
The participants came to conclusion that for successful digital transformation of regions, it is necessary to regularly support coordination of transformation projects, to provide timely normative assistance of reforms and application of clear and reasonable indicators of effectiveness considering original needs of regions. We need detailed indicators of effectiveness in the field of the digital economy in regions by industries and cross-industry tasks. Measures and the order of support of digital development of the economy of regions have to be clear and transparent, have a stimulating effect and ensure investment return.
It was noted that the question of correlation of the national project “Digital Economy of the Russian Federation” with other federal and departmental programs was particularly acute. The number of such programs is growing, and it is not always clear how actions of different programs and road maps match.
Following the discussion, it was concluded that for successful digital transformation at the regional level the following was necessary:
- System work on digitalization plans based on priorities and focus on those projects that can bring economic effect so as not to “stretch” resources on too many tasks.
- Development of basic requirements for digital services for the purpose of bringing regional and municipal services to a standard format. When developing basic requirements, it is reasonable to consider practice of leading regions.
- To pay special attention to mechanisms of collection, management and regulation of data as these mechanisms act as the basis of improvement of quality of public administration and economic activity.
- Optimization of development of federal systems with which regional information systems are integrated so that this activity could become more predictable and convenient for planning. It is necessary to strive for integration of systems according to the predictable plan within one fiscal year.
- Development of the mechanism of quick deployment of the results of pilot implementation in other regions, with obvious economy thanks to standardized solutions.
- Involvement of business in new economic realities and creation of conditions for development of digital business and projects of public and private partnership. Promotion of competitive technologies and development of partner schemes of interaction of participants are also necessary.
Taking into account the above, the participants of the 11th International IT Forum with participation of the BRICS and SCO countries are addressing the governments of the states, intergovernmental and public organizations, professional associations and educational institutions, health care, science, culture, social institutes, media, network associations, representatives of state, commercial and non-commercial sectors of the BRICS and SCO countries as follows:
1. To confirm that development of the digital economy is a megatrend of today which is implemented on the global, national and regional levels. There are always new challenges at every level, and finding answers to them is the most important factor of preserving stability and sustainable development. Search of answers can and has to be conducted by joint efforts and this is the most important problem of the BRICS and SCO countries.
2. To highlight that the intensity of use of digital technologies in the BRICS and SCO countries has a pronounced differentiation which needs to be considered during the organization of cooperation.
3. To warn that implementation of digital technologies involves new risks and dangerous tendencies, such as growth of cybercrime, hybrid information wars, vulnerability of human rights in the conditions of transition to digital user data. It requires pro-active attention to legal regulation of the digital economy both on the national and international level.
4.To note that demand for digital technologies is defined by requests and opportunities of consumers. This gives rise to special quality requirements for the quality of management when restructuring business and administrative processes to fit digital technologies, and for digital competences of employees. In these conditions, overcoming digital inequality and accelerated digital education of those groups of the population that run a strong risk of remaining outside the digital economy is of particular importance.
5.To recognize relevance of the problem of fight against digital monopolism and development of national digital platforms and software for such relevant directions of IT development as neurotechnologies and artificial intelligence, big data, the industrial Internet, quantum technologies, technologies of virtual and augmented reality, robotics and sensors.
6. To specify that the purpose of the digital transformation of education, health care and culture is not only improvement of quality of the corresponding services, but also preserving and reproduction of the national cultural code and national traditions.
7. To pay attention to the need of widespread introduction and use of information technologies to ensure safety of the population and critical information infrastructure.
This document has been developed by joint efforts of representatives of the BRICS and SCO countries.
The participants of the Forum are addressing the forthcoming summits of the BRICS and SCO countries with a proposal to consider the above recommendations in the field of digital technologies in decisions of the summits.
 Distributed power: smart city, smart grid, personal power.
 Distributed systems of unmanned aerial vehicles.